Little Bits of History

Sheremetyevo International Airport

Posted in History by patriciahysell on August 11, 2014
Sheremetyevo International Airport

Sheremetyevo International Airport

August 11, 1959: Sheremetyevo International Airport opens. It is located in Khimki, Moscow Oblast, Russia which is 18 miles from central Moscow. It is the second largest airport in Russia with only Domodedovo being larger. It is a hub for Aeroflot, Nordavia, and Norwind Airlines. In 2013 there were 29,256,000 people serviced through the airport and they flew on one of the 243,858 flights either landing or taking off from Sheremetyevo. There are three North terminals (A, B, and C) and three South terminals (D, E, and F). Terminal C has the capacity to serve 5 million passengers per year, Terminal F can service 6 million, and Terminal D can service 12 million. The other terminals are used either for cargo, smaller planes, or more local flights.

While the airport opened on this day, it did not see its first international flight until June 1, 1960 when a flight to Berlin took off and landed in Schonefeld Airport. The Sheremetyevo name comes from two nearby landmarks, the village of Sheremetyevsky and the Savelov railway station. Sheremetyevo-1 which is used by domestic flights opened on September 3, 1967. The first scheduled Tupolev Tu-134 flight took off from Sheremetyevo on September 12, 1967, headed for Stockholm. It is the most used airplane in the former Warsaw Pact countries although numbers are dropping because of noise restrictions.

Sheremetyevo-2, the larger of the two terminal complexes, opened on January 1, 1980 just in time for the 1980 Summer Olympics. It served as the arrival and departure point for international flights for the games. Flights to and from other Russian cities used Sheremetyevo-1. There is no physical connection between the two terminals. Rather, they are like two separate airports which use the same runways. There are other examples of this type of set up outside Russia: Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota and Sydney Airport in Australia are also set up like this.

Early in this century, Sheremetyevo saw a drop in usage when Domodedovo International Airport opened. The newer more comfortable airport became the hub for many of the airlines which had used Sheremetyevo.  Domodedovo also serves Moscow and had 30,760,000 passengers on 253.500 flights in 2013. Sheremetyevo continues to upgrade and has a 20-year master plan which includes another Terminal and building another runway. Overall improvements are scheduled to include long term land development and over $3 billion has been allocated for future projects.

Just got back from a pleasure trip: I took my mother-in-law to the airport. – Henny Youngman

Sometimes, when you go to airport and look at the people, you see the worst looks – but the worst looks can give you more ideas than the best looks. – Carine Roitfeld

The devil himself had probably redesigned Hell in the light of information he had gained from observing airport layouts. – Anthony Price

I hate flying, airports and the whole rigmarole – queuing up, security and lost luggage. – Johnny Vegas

Also on this day: The Rock – In 1934, Alcatraz opens as a federal prison.
Shop Til You Drop – In 1992, the Mall of America opened.
Watts Riots – In 1965, the Watts Riots began.
Swat – In 1929, Babe Ruth hit a new baseball record.

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