Little Bits of History

Israel Established

Posted in History by patriciahysell on May 14, 2014
Israel

Israel

May 14, 1948: Israel is established. On November 29, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly recommended both the adoption and implementation of a partition plan called Mandatory Palestine. The region in question had been contested since World War I. The British Empire helped to drive the Turks from the Levant. Many different agreements written after the event, were either totally ignored or partially reneged upon or simply made invalid by further agreements and declarations. Part of the duties of the League of Nations was to administer the then defunct Ottoman Empire which had at one time included the Levant. They were to help until the individuals there could take over control of their own lands.

Part of the administration was the British Mandate of Palestine and there were two vying factions. The lands west of the Jordan River were called Palestine and under direct British administration until 1948. The lands east of the Jordan River were called Transjordan and under the rule of the Hashemite family and gained independence in 1946. The Jews and Arabs were the two major nationalist movements in the region with only 8% of Palestine was Jewish in 1918. However, Jews were encouraged to emigrate, buy land, and set up a shadow government as they formed the nucleus of a future Jewish state. This was protected by the British government. The name was Eretz Israel.

On this day, David Ben-Gurion, the Executive head of the World Zionist Organization, proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel from Eretz Israel. The British Mandate for Palestine was terminated the next day. The neighboring Arab states invaded Israel that same day and there has been continuous contention over ownership of the land with eruptions of several wars in the region between the two religions/nations.

Today, the financial center of Israel is Tel Aviv while Jerusalem is the designated capital and most populous city, although it is not internationally known to be part of Israel. There are slightly more than 8 million citizens with 6 million of them Jewish. The country covers (at this time) slightly more than 8,000 square miles or about slightly smaller than New Jersey (where nearly 9 million people live). The President of Israel is Shimon Peres and the Prime Minister is Benjamin Netanyahu. The Knesset or Legislative branch has 120 members responsible for passing the laws of the land. The economy of Israel is one of the most advanced in Southwest Asia and has the second largest number of startup companies in the world (first is the US). Their imports include many technological produces,  pharmaceuticals, and some fruits, chemicals, and cut diamonds.

The security of Israel is a moral imperative for all free peoples. – Henry A. Kissinger

We do not rejoice in victories. We rejoice when a new kind of cotton is grown and when strawberries bloom in Israel. – Golda Meir

The only thing chicken about Israel is their soup. – Bob Hope

We plan to eliminate the state of Israel and establish a purely Palestinian state. We will make life unbearable for Jews by psychological warfare and population explosion. We Palestinians will take over everything, including all of Jerusalem. – Yasser Arafat

Also on this day: Lewis and Clark – In 1804 the Expedition begins their 28 month journey.
Gerardo – In 1939, five year old Lina gave birth to a son.
Summer Olympics – In 1900, the Paris Summer Olympics began.
Smallpox Vaccine – In 1796, the first smallpox vaccine was administered.

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