Little Bits of History

Remember the Alamo

Posted in History by patriciahysell on March 6, 2011

The Alamo, as drawn in 1854.

March 6, 1836: The Alamo falls. The Texas Revolution or the Texas War of Independence was fought between Mexico and the Republic of Texas. As settlers moved into the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas, they longed to be free of Mexican dominion. The land war between Texas and Mexico began on October 2, 1835 and ended April 21, 1836 with the Treaties of Velasco, annexing Texas to the US. This was not recognized in Mexico and naval battles continued until the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 finally ceded the territory.

The Battle of the Alamo began on February 23, 1836. Leading the Mexican troops was President General Antonio López de Santa Anna. He launched an assault against the Alamo Mission near San Antonio de Béxar [today called San Antonia, Texas]. Santa Anna had about 2,400 troops at his disposal. Within the mission were 182-260 people [reports vary] led by William Travis and James Bowie. The Mexican troops suffered 400-600 killed or wounded. Only two Texians survived the battle.

President Santa Anna had led the Mexican government away from a federalist model and instituted increasingly dictatorial measures. He revoked the Constitution of 1824 early in 1835 leading many citizens to revolt. The immigrants lured west by the Mexican government did not take kindly to the new measures and insisted on the reinstatement of individual rights. Mexico, already leery of the US’s attempt to purchase the land, fought back and blamed the immigrants for the entire push back. The war began with both sides relatively undermanned. Santa Anna forcibly conscripted Mexicans to help restore order in Texas, although they were raw recruits without experience or will to fight.

The early battles went to the Texians, but finally Santa Anna arrived with a large army. The battles began to be won by the Mexican forces. This battle was so horrifying to the Revolutionaries because of the systematic killing of all but two inside the mission. Spurred by the memory of the battle, the Texian Army surprised a resting Mexican force at the battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836, effectively ending at least the land portion of the war. Santa Anna refused to recognize the cessation of the Revolutionaries until he also lost the naval war in 1848.

“I must say as to what I have seen of Texas, it is the garden spot of the world, the best land and the best prospects for health I ever saw, and I do believe it is a fortune to any man to come here.” – Davey Crockett

“Texas is the finest portion of the globe that has blessed my vision.” – Sam Houston

“Texas is neither southern nor western. Texas is Texas.” – William Blakley

“I done drew the line. Just like the Alamo. You’re either on one side of the line or the other. I don’t want to ever leave Texas again.” – Bum Phillips

Also on this day:
Edgar Allan Poe – In 1831, Poe was expelled from West Point.
Missouri Compromise – In 1820, the Missouri Compromise was signed into law.

 

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